Show MoreThe Meat Inspection Act of 1906
The year 1906 brought about a new era in governmental legislation that helped to shape the way privately owned producers of consumable goods would conduct themselves in the future. President Theodore Roosevelt, a man known for his tenaciousness when tackling the issues of the people, pursued these legislative changes, refusing to back down to the lobbyists who stood in his way. One such industry brought to its knees was the meat packing industry, a thriving group of companies that supplied not only the United States but also the markets in Europe with processed foods. In 1906, socialist Upton Sinclair published The Jungle, a book he hoped would awaken the American people to the deplorable…show more content…
Neill and Reynolds corroborated the charges brought forth in The Jungle, stating in one section of their report, “we saw meat shoveled from filthy wooden floors, piled on tables rarely washed, pushed from room to room in rotten box carts, in all of which processes it was in the way of gathering dirt, splinters, floor filth.” When President Roosevelt delivered a statement to Congress on the findings in the report, he said,
It shows the urgent need of immediate action by the Congress in the direction of providing a drastic and thoroughgoing inspection by the Federal Government of all stock yards and packing houses and of their products, so far as the latter enters into interstate or foreign commerce. The meat packing industry fought back with a vengeance, especially those business owners who felt the report was incomplete. The Franco-American Food Company, based in New Jersey, sent a letter to The New York Times addressed to President Roosevelt and the American Nation. In it, they claimed the Neill-Reynolds report was unfair and that the investigators had only reported on those poorly run operations in Chicago and ignored those that were clean and well run. Their outcries found some Congressmen willing to listen, but it made little difference to a president determined to protect the consumers.
On June 30, 1906, after much haggling between
What was the Purpose of the Pure Food and Drug Act?
What was the purpose of the Pure Food and Drug Act do? The purpose of the Meat Inspection Act was to:
● Established sanitary standards for slaughterhouses and meat processing plants
● Authorized the U.S. Department of Agriculture to conduct the ongoing monitoring and inspection of slaughter and processing operations
● The Mandatory inspection of livestock before slaughter (cattle, sheep, goats, horses, mules, and swine)
● The Mandatory postmortem inspection of every carcass after slaughter
Meat Inspection Act and the Food and Drug Act for kids
The Meat Inspection Act was signed by President Theodore Roosevelt on June 30, 1906, the same day as the Pure Food and Drug Act (PFDA) and the two laws worked in combination with each other. They were the first federal laws to regulate foods and drugs in America and a direct result of the unsanitary methods used by the food industry that were revealed in 'The Jungle' written by the Progressive author Upton Sinclair. The Meat Inspection Act and the Food and Drug Act were important elements of Roosevelt's Square Deal Domestic Policy and key pieces of legislation during the history of Progressive Era.
1906 Meat Inspection Act History for kids
The 1906 Meat Inspection Act and the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act were both widely accredited to the revelations made in a book called 'The Jungle' written by the Progressive author Upton Sinclair. Upton Sinclair exposed the unhygienic and unsanitary methods used by the food industry that resulted in a scandal about the quality and purity of food sold to the U.S. public. 'The Jungle' became an international best seller, exposing Chicago's meatpacking industry, recounting shocking tales of diseased meat, of dead rats and the poison that killed them being thrown into the processing vats to be made into sausages.
1906 Pure Food and Drug Act for kids: Theodore Roosevelt
The public outcry that followed the publication of 'The Jungle' resulted in a government investigation which immediately changed the food laws in America. Upton Sinclair was condemned by the industry owners as one of the Muckrakers of the Progressive Era but President Theodore Roosevelt sent James Bronson Reynolds (a social worker) and labor commissioner Charles P. Neill to investigate Upton Sinclair's claims. Neill and Reynolds made surprise visits to the meat packing warehouses and factories in Chicago. President Roosevelt was appalled by the Neill-Reynolds report - Upton Sinclair's ghastly revelations were all true. Theodore Roosevelt immediately signed the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act into law.
What were the Effects of the Meat Inspection Act?
Why was the Meat Inspection Act important? The Effects of the Pure Food and Drug Act:
● Assured the American people that the federal government were taking significant steps to pass laws to improve the general health and welfare of the public and stop the unsafe and unhygienic practices of the Meat Processing companies
● It gave credibility to the Square Deal domestic policy of President Theodore Roosevelt
● It gave credence to the effectiveness of the 'Muckrakers' investigative journalism and their books that tackled social issues and the importance of the Progressive authors
● The largest meat processors and packers resisted certain features of the act, but they accepted it as a means to drive out smaller businesses
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Meat Inspection Act for kids - President Theodore Roosevelt Video
The article on the Meat Inspection Act provides detailed facts and a summary of one of the important events during his presidential term in office. The following video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 26th American President whose presidency spanned from September 14, 1901 to March 4, 1909.
Meat Inspection Act
● Facts about the Meat Inspection Act for kids and schools
● Summary of the Meat Inspection Act in US history
● The Meat Inspection Act, a major event in US history
● Theodore Roosevelt from September 14, 1901 to March 4, 1909
● Fast, fun facts about the Meat Inspection Act
● Foreign & Domestic policies of President Theodore Roosevelt
● Theodore Roosevelt Presidency and Meat Inspection Act for schools, homework, kids and children